The Zǔtáng jí 祖堂集 (K. 1503; B25, No. 0144):
A comprehensive .xlsx table of its contents and structure
The following is a description of an .xlsx (Microsoft Excel) table that was originally prepared to help with the Historical Social Network Analysis XML/TEI markup of selected fragments of the Zǔtáng jí 祖堂集 ( Patriarchs’ Hall Collection ; henceforth ZTJ ) to be published on the Database of Medieval Chinese Texts (Ghent University and Dharma Drum Institute of Liberal Arts 法鼓文理學院). This table summarizes information on the contents and structure of the ZTJ (e.g. juàn 卷, zhāng 張, generations), including the entries of the figures that are associated with the Chán tradition within the multilineal framework of the text (i.e. seven buddhas of the past, patriarchs of India, patriarchs of China, and Chán masters).
The table was originally arranged according to the preface of the Goryeo 高麗woodblock edition of the ZTJ which was carved in the 32 nd year ( eulsa 乙巳) of the Gojong 高宗 era (1245) as part of the second undertaking of the Goryeo Daejanggyeong 高麗大藏經. In this preface, Gwangjun 匡㑺 (d.u.) provides, along with context and editorial notes regarding the carving enterprise of the text, a list of names which functions like a table of contents of the ZTJ ’s entries, organizing them in the manner of a lineage chart (e.g.:「雪峰下出: 玄沙和尚、長生和尚、[…]。」(CBETA 2020.Q1, B25, no. 144, p. 301a1-2).
The present table records the name of the figures that appear in this preface, with references to the text based on an original print of the Goryeo edition (see below). In parallel, it presents the exact name of all figures who have an actual entry in the ZTJ , with a reference to the beginning of their entries in the text. The table further identifies each of these socio-religious actors or legendary figures, providing their corresponding ID from the DILA Buddhist Studies Authority Database Project 佛學規範資料庫 ( https://authority.dila.edu.tw/person/ ).
The .xlsx table is organized according to these two lists of names and contains several columns which provide information on other aspects of the ZTJ :
- Juàn 卷 ( zhāng 張; zhuàn 傳): this column provides an overview of the juàn (fascicles) and their lengths, with the number of zhāng (woodblock faces) they consist of, and the number of zhuàn (bio-/hagiographical entries) they contain.
- No. of entry by juàn : this column assigns a number to each entry, corresponding to their order of succession in each of the twenty juàn composing the ZTJ .
- Generations and lineages: this column provides information on the generations defined in the ZTJ . With rare exceptions (when corrections were made), these correspond to the list of Gwangjun. Starting from the 42 nd generation on, the ZTJ mostly records masters who belonged either to the lineage of Shítóu Xīqiān 石頭希遷 or to the lineage of Mǎzǔ Dàoyī 馬祖道一. The division is recorded as such at the beginning of each juàn from Shítóu and Mǎzǔ on. Different colors are used in the table to help the reader visualize the lineages and generations as conceived in the ZTJ .
- No. of entry by generation: this column assigns a number to each entry by generation.
- Reference ( ZTJ 's entries): this column provides the location ( juàn ; zhāng ; line) of the beginning of the entry in the ZTJ . See below for the referencing system used.
- No. of the entry in the ZTJ : this column assigns a number to each entry in the order of their appearance in the main text of the ZTJ . The text has in total 246 entries.
- Name ( ZTJ 's entries): this column provides the names of the figures recorded as they appear in the ZTJ . Non-standard characters of the original text have been regularized according to their standard form in modern Chinese. Names in bold font are figures whose entry is relatively long in comparison with the average size of the entries. Names in blue are figures whose entry contain a eulogy written by Chán master Jìngxiū 淨修禪師, also known as Wéndēng 文僜, author of the first preface to the ZTJ .
- Reference (Gwangjun’s preface): this column provides the location ( juàn ; zhāng ; line; character) of the figures mentioned in the Goryeo preface. See below for the referencing system used.
- No. of the name in Gwangjun’s list: this column assigns a number to each name in their order of appearance in the Goryeo preface. Gwangjun lists 257 names, which is more than the figures who have an actual entry in the ZTJ (i.e. 246). Note, however, that the supplementary names provided by Gwangjun all appear in the main text of the ZTJ .
- Name (Gwangjun’s preface): this column provides the names of the figures recorded in the Goryeo preface. Non-standard characters of the original text have been regularized according to their standard form in modern Chinese. Cells with a purple background are figures explicitly identified as Korean monks.
- ID (BSPAD): this column identifies figures listed in the Goryeo preface and provides their corresponding ID in the DILA Person Authority Database 人名規範資料庫.
- Complete name: this column provides at least one complete (traditional) name for each of the figures listed in the Goryeo preface or having an entry in the ZTJ .
- Notes: this column provides relevant information such as editorial comments in the ZTJ and the Goryeo preface, as well as other useful observations, for example, on mistakes in Gwangjun’s organization into generations or on the use of variant characters, etc. Notes in green record the differences in the names used or their orthography between the ZTJ ’s entries and the list of Gwangjun. Notes in purple relates to figures recorded by Gwangjun, but who do not have an entry in the main part of the text.
The referencing system used in columns E and H is as follows:
- ZTJ is an abbreviation for Zǔtáng jí 祖堂集.
- 001 indicates the juàn in which the variant is located.
- 01.02.03 indicate respectively: (1) the zhāng 張, (2) the (vertical) column where the variant is located, and (3) the position number of the character in that column.
For example, “ZTJ_001-01.02.10” corresponds to the ZTJ ’s juàn 1, first zhāng , second column, and tenth character in that column (i.e.
The main source consulted to prepare this table is a scanned copy of an original print ( tàyìn běn 拓印本) of the Goryeo edition of the ZTJ which is stored at the Library of the Institute for Research in Humanities 人文科学研究所図書室 of Kyōto University 京都大學, Japan. This edition was scanned by Prof. Dr. Christoph Anderl (Ghent University) a few years after the completion of his Ph.D. thesis. In the catalog of Kyōto University, the print is referenced as follows: Gāolí zàngjīng bǔyí 高麗藏經補遺 (Supplement to the Goryeo [ Dae ] janggyeong ), Cháoxiǎn Shì Hǎimíng Zhuàngxióng jí 朝鮮釋海冥壯雄輯 (collected by the Joseon monk Haemyeong Jangung), Zhāohé shísān nián 昭和十三年 (13 th year of the Shōwa era ), yòng Cháoxiǎn Hǎiyìn sì cáng Gāolí kānbǎn yìnběn 用朝鮮海印寺藏高麗刊板印本 (Printed copy based on the Goryeo woodblock edition of the Haeinsa in Korea), 61 cè 册 (61 volumes). The second fac-simile edition consulted was the photographic reproduction of another original print published by the Shanghai Classics Publishing House 上海古籍出版社, namely: Zǔtáng jí 祖堂集. Shànghǎi 上海: Shànghǎi gǔjí chūbǎnshè 上海古籍出版社, 1994. Eventually, three modern critical editions were consulted: (1) Zhāng Huá 張華, ed. Zǔtáng jí 祖堂集. Zhèngzhōu 鄭州: Zhōngzhōu gǔjí chūbǎnshè 中州古籍出版社, 2001; (2) Sūn Chāngwǔ 孫昌武, Kinugawa Kenji 衣川賢次, and Nishiguchi Yoshio 西口芳男, eds. Zǔtáng jí 祖堂集. Běijīng 北京: Zhōnghuá shūjú 中華書局, 2007; and (3) Zhāng Měilán 張美蘭. ‘ Zǔtáng jí’ jiàozhù ‘祖堂集’校注. Běijīng 北京: Shāngwù yìnshūguǎn 商務印書館, 2009.
The initial electronic text used for preparing the table was the CBETA XML file of the Zǔtáng jí (referenced “B25n0144”) which can be found here: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/cbeta-org/xml-p5/master/B/B25/B25n0144.xml . The CBETA Electronic Version of the Zǔtáng jí can also be consulted online through the CBETA reader interface at: https://cbetaonline.dila.edu.tw /zh/B0144 . Modifications in the punctuation and corrections in the text have been made when necessary.
How to cite the .xlsx table (Chicago-style, Bibliographical entry):
Van Cutsem, Laurent. “The Zǔtáng jí 祖堂集: A comprehensive .xlsx table of its contents and structure”. Database of Medieval Chinese Texts. Ghent University and Dharma Drum Institute of Liberal Arts 法鼓文理學院. September 2020. https://www.database-of-medieval-chinese-texts.be/.
Laurent Van Cutsem 方洛杭,
September 1, 2020.